Volume 6, Issue 2 (2021)                   2021, 6(2): 53-61 | Back to browse issues page

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Madani M S, Fayyaz F, Bahrami Ehsan H, Memarian N, Norouzzadegan Z. The Relationship between Personality Dimensions from Cloninger's Point of View and Depression Dimensions from the Perspective of the Holy Quran. Quran and Medicine. 2021; 6 (2) :53-61
URL: http://quranmed.com/article-1-390-en.html
1- PhD Student in Health psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Women Research center, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran (Corresponding Author). , f.fayyaz@alzahra.ac.ir
3- Department of Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
4- Assistant Professor of Social Medicine, Spiritual Health Research Center, Department of Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5- Master, Clinical Psychology, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1482 Views)
Depression is from the most prevalent and disable disorders which diverse models of theoretical tried to make etiologic and semiotic explanation and planning of effective intervention. Present research is studied one of measurements which construct based on acute studies on Quran and is assessed its convergence with other scales. Therefore the aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between dimensions of personality from Cloninger's perspective with dimensions of depression from Holy Quran perspective. The research instruments were 1) Temperament and Character inventory (TCI) of Cloninger with 240 questions and 2) 65 items of Quranic Depression Inventory. The participants were asked to answer these questions. The population of the study were all student of 20 -35 year old of Tehran University in 2017. The sample was selected by accessible method and finally data about 200 student have been analyzed. This study is a descriptive-correlation study. For analyzing of data, the Pierson correlation coefficient and stepwise regression have been used. The results show direct and significant relationship between Novelty Seeking and Harm Avoidance dimensions of personality with the total depression in Quranic aspect. Also between Perseverance, Self-Directedness, co-operativeness and Self-Transcendence personality dimensions with the total depression in Quranic aspect there is significant and inverse relationship and also the stepwise regression showed that 56/5 percent of the variance in total depression is explained by five dimensions of personality that include: Self-Directedness, Self-Transcendence, Novelty Seeking, Perseverance and Harm Avoidance. The results show that there is significant relationship among some dimensions of personality with each six-fold aspect of Quranic depression and some dimensions of personality are significant predictors for Quranic depressions. It is concluded that two questionnaires are homogeneous and coordinate with each other in some concepts, while have not homogeneity in some concepts.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/12/24 | Accepted: 2021/10/12 | Published: 2021/10/12

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