Volume 3, Issue 2 (2018)                   2018, 3(2): 89-99 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mami B, Mojtahed Soleimani A, Shafiee Finney H. Ethical Domain of Authorities of Forced Guardian in the Ward`s Limb Removal Contract. Quran and Medicine 2018; 3 (2) :89-99
URL: http://quranmed.com/article-1-192-en.html
1- Private Law & Jurisdiction, Law & Political Sciences Faculty, Kharazmi University. Tehran, Iran , Behrozaaa47@gmail.com
2- Law and Political Sciences Department, Law Fculty, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (6488 Views)
Introduction: The purpose of establishing supportive interdict regulations is to protect the victims and physically and mentally handicapped presons in the concluded contracts. Minors are among those people, called interdict in law language; a legislator must protect minors against all individuals, though, forced guardian or trustee. Because of having legal capacity enjoyment, the wards would possess his/her own properties or legal rights, but, deu to lack of demanding the fulfillment of right, s/he has not the capability of its execution and the forced guardian, unnecessarily, has an option for decision making on behalf of the ward with regard to his/her financial and non-financial rights. But, this authority is not absolute and his guardianship has specific limitations. Observing begrudge and goodness on one hand and not existing corruption on the other hand would determine the domain authorities of the forced guardians. On of the most important assets of minors are their limbs. Human limbs are considered his/her assets under his/her ownership, a property that is of high importance due to saving human soul. Among various limbs owners, because of different reasons such as economic reason, organ health, lack of mental and physical power, and irresistibility, the wards have always been subject of greed for limb removal and transplanting.
Conclusion: The removing and transplanting wards’ limbs is not only contrary to human dignity and principle of supporting the disabled persons, but also includes no begrudge and goodness in the removal of their organs. In contrary, it causes hardship and destitution in minors’ future life and causing their physical and mental damage or loss is certain and obvious. It is necessary to observe the jurisdictional rule, “No loss”. In addition, the legal principle of forced guardian, non-authority in minor’s non- financial affairs, is generalizable to this condition. Sometimes, by establishing ethical restrictions, legislator has accepted such conditions and restricted the forced guardian’s expansive authority’s principles in some cases. Consequently, forced guardian does not have the authority to accept or confirm the action of ward’s limb removal and transplanting, and in the case of agreement, it is considered a reason to depose forced guardianship, and also the limb removal contract is considered invalid.
Full-Text [PDF 523 kb]   (1775 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/06/14 | Accepted: 2018/06/16 | Published: 2018/06/20

1. Hu'ssein Ibn Mufaddal Ibn Muhammad Raghib Isfahani. Vocabulary in the Quran (al-Mufradat fi gharib al-Quran). Beirut: Dar al-ghalam; 1996. [Arabic] [Link]
2. Muhammad Ibn Ya'qub al-Firuzabadi. The Surrounding Ocean (al-Qamus al-Muhit). Sheikh Nasr al-Hoorini, editor. Beirut: Dar al-Elm Leljami; 1875. [Arabic] [Link]
3. Ansari M, Taheri MA. Encyclopedia of private law. 2nd Edition. 3rd Volume. Tehran: Mehrab; 2007. [Persian] [Link]
4. Ala Bahr alolum SM. The language of jurisprudence (Balaghat al-Faghieh). Ala Bahr alolum MT, editor. Tehran: Maktabat al-Sadegh; 1984. [Arabic] [Link]
5. Emami H. Civil law. Tehran: Islamie Bookstore; 1997. [Persian] [Link]
6. Jafari Langeroodi MJ. Terminology of law. 22nd Edition. Tehran: Ganj Danesh; 2009. [Persian] [Link]
7. Safaee H. Preliminary course of civil law. Tehran: Accounting Institute; 1971. [Persian] [Link]
8. Karimi A, Sahranavard A, Shafizadeh Khoulenjani M. The natural guardian and his removal from natural guardian in Iran's law and Imamia jurisprudence. Res Jurisprud. 2014;3(5):121-46. [Persian] [Link]
9. Bahrani Y. Landscaping gardens (al-Hadaegh al-Nazerah). Qom: Islamic Publishing Institute; 1984. [Persian] [Link]
10. Musavi Khoee A. Lamp of jurisprudence (Mesbah al-Feghahat). Tohidi Tabrizi MA, editor. Tehran: Vejdani; 1992. [Arabic] [Link]
11. Ali Ibn al-Hossain al-Muhaqqiq al-Karaki. Complete goals in explaining the rules (Jami al-Maqasid fi sharh al-Qawaid). Qom: Al al-Bayt Institute; 1993. [Arabic] [Link]
12. Hasan Ibn Yusuf al-Allamah al-Hilli. Rules of judgments (Ghavaed al-Ahkam). Qom: Islamic Publishing Institute; 1992. [Arabic] [Link]
13. Moghadas Ardebili, A. Assembly of Al-Faydeh and Al-Burhan. 3rd Edition. Qom: Islamic Publications Office affiliated with the Teachers' Community; 2000. p. 235. [Arabic] [Link]
14. Hoor Al-Amali, Muhammad ibn Hassan, Very good and the Shiites of Shiites to collect the issues of Sharia, founder of Al-Bayt; 1995. p.195. [Arabic] [Link]
15. Makarem Shirazi N. Lights of jurisprudence (Anvar al-Feghahat). Qom: Imam Ali's School; 1997. [Arabic] [Link]
16. Hussaini Amali SMJ. The key to explaining the rules of the mark. 4th Edition Qom: Islamic Publications Office affiliated with the Teachers' Communit. 1811. [Arabic] [Link]
17. Alaee Rahmani F. The concept and scope of fathers' guardianship of child from the religious perspective. J Humanit. 2000;10(33):56-81. [Persian] [Link]
18. Moosavi Bojnourdi SM, Torkaman E. Mother's custodianship in jurisprudence and law special reference to Imam Khomeini's viewpoints. Matin. 2005;8(33):131-47. [Persian] [Link]
19. Muhammad Ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayni. Al-Kafi. Ghafari A, editor. Qom: Dar al-Kotob al-Eslamyyeh; 2009. [Arabic] [Link]
20. Ansari Sh M. Book of forbidden profits, sales and options. Qom: Spreading the Islamic Thought Complex; 1997. p. 321. [Arabic] [Link]
21. Hairi Yazdi, A. Dwar Al-Fawaid. Qom: Muhammad Al-Hasoon; 1992. p. 291. [Arabic] [Link]
22. Katouzian. Civil law: General principles of contracts. 1st Volume. Tehran: Behnashr; 1993. [Persian] [Link]
23. Dehkhoda AA. Dehkhoda dictionary. Tehran: University of Tehran Press; 1963. [Persian] [Link]
24. Najjar MA. Al-Mu'ajamol Vasit. 2nd Edition. Istanbul: Dar Al-Dawa; 1989.p.273. [Arabic] [Link]
25. Muhaqqiq al-Hilli. Islamic Law in matters of halal and haram (Sharayea al-Islam fi masaeel al-Halal va al-Haram). Tehran: Esteghlal; 1988. [Arabic] [Link]
26. Mulla Muhammad Mahdi Naraqi. Documents in legal terms (Mostanad al-Shi'a fi ahkam al-Shari'a). Qom: Library of Ayatollah Mar'ashi Najafi; 1984. [Arabic] [Link]
27. Tabatabai Yazdi SMK. Al-Orvat al-Vosgha. Qom: Islamic Publishing Institute; 2000. [Arabic] [Link]
28. Khomeini R. Forbidden gains (al-Makaseb al-Mahramat). Qom: Ismailiyan Institute; 1990. [Arabic] [Link]
29. Amid H. Amid dictionary. 8th Edition. Tehran: Amir Kabir; 1992. [Persian] [Link]
30. Rajaee F, Mohaghegh Damad SM, Moosavi SMS. Jurisprudence and legal survey of human relationship with the members of his body. J Jurisprud Islam Law. 2011;2(2):45-62. [Persian] [Link]
31. Bojnoordi SMH. The rules of jurisprudence (al-Ghavaed al-Faghihah). Mehrizi M, Derayati MH, editors. Qom: Al-Hadi; 1999. [Arabic] [Link]
32. Mufidi M. Oxford Medical Compact Culture, Tehran, Farhanghian Publishing House. 1996. p. 630. [Persian] [Link]
33. Rostami Chalkasari, E, Asadinejad, S, Khafy, S. Effect of transplantation deletion on the legal transfer of a member. Med Law J. 2015;9(33):117-49. [Persian] [Link]
34. Fredericq H. Public physiology principles. Sheybani A, translator. Tehran: University of Tehran Press; 1953. [Persian] [Link]
35. Moazami Sh, Vahdani M, Zadeh Dabbagh P. Comparative study of legal system organs transplantation between Iran & England. Iran J Forensic Med. 2015;21(2):117-25. [Persian] [Link]
36. Arzhang N. Vocabulary Treasure (Persian to Persian). Tehran: Ganjineh; 2002. [Persian] [Link]
37. Tarihi F. Majmae al-Bahreyn. Tehran: Maktab Al- Mortazavieah; 1988. [Arabic] [Link]
38. Ibn Manzoor A. Arabic tongue (lesan al-Arab). Qom: Adab al-Hooz; 1985. [Arabic] [Link]
39. Borugerdi Abdeh M. Civil law. Tehran: Ganj Danesh; 2001. [Persian] [Link]
40. Rasaee Niya N. Civil law: Persons, property, possession. Tehran: Avaye Noor; 1997. [Persian] [Link]
41. Shahidi M. Civil law 3, obligations law. Tehran: Majd; 2001. [Persian] [Link]
42. Katozian N. Elementary level Iranian civil law, family law. 7th Edition. Tehran: Mizan; 2010. [Persian] [Link]
43. Ibn 'Abidin M. Rad al-Muthar al-Duralmukhtar, Beirut, Daralfekr; 1992. p. 3. [Arabic] [Link]
44. Muhammad Ibn Hassan Fazel Hendi. Disclosure of rules of judgments. Qom; Publications office of the community of teachers of Qom seminary; 2014 .p.404. [Arabic] [Link]
45. Ibn Hamzah Muhammad Ibn Ali. Means to reach the kindness. Qom: Maktab Ayatollah Marashi; 1987. p.168. [Arabic] [Link]
46. Qutb Rundi AS. Kharaj and Slices, achieved by his founder Imam Mahdi. Qom: Imam Mahdi; 1989. p.126. [Arabic] [Link]
47. Akhund Kh, Ben Hussein MK. Book of profit margins. Tehran: Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance, Printing and Publishing; 1986. p. 203. [Arabic] [Link]
48. Mohaghegh Damad M. Rules of Jurisprudence. Tehran: Publishing Center for Islamic Sciences; 2004. p.126. [Persian] [Link]
49. Zohoor A, Bozorgh magham M. Attitude of Tehran citizens to transplantation and donation of a member in brain death. Med J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2003;14(1)51. [Persian] [Link]
50. Fazel Lankarani M. Realeh Tozihol Masael. Qom; Adineh Sabz Press; 1988. p. 81. [Persian] [Link]
51. Momen Qomi M. Transplantation. Figh Ahlolbayt J; 2003.34:3-45. [Persian] [Link]
52. Hamiti Vaghef AA. Civil law. Tehran: Danesh Negar; 2008. [Persian] [Link]
53. Tabataba'I SMH. Al-Mizan Interpretation, 6th Edition, Amir Kabir Publishing House, Allameh Tabataba'i Scientific Foundation, Raja Culture Center Publishing House. 1999. p.261-263. [Persian] [Link]
54. Habbi H. Brain death and grafting from the viewpoint of jurisprudence and law. Qom: Islamic Propaganda Department of Qom Seminary; 2001. [Persian] [Link]
55. Safaee H, Emami A. Family law. Tehran: University of Tehran Press; 1995. [Persian] [Link]
56. Saket MH. Personality and capacity in civil law. Mashhad: Saket; 1993. [Persian] [Link]
57. Alama Helli, H. The Rules of provisions in knowledge of halal and haram. Qom: Book of Islamic propagation. 1993. p. 128. [Arabic] [Link]
58. Karki M. Comprehensive exposition for the description of principles. Al-Bait Institute; 1993. p. 267. [Arabic] [Link]
59. Mir Abd al-Fattah Ibn Ali Hosseini Maraghi. Al-Anavin al-Faghihat. Qom: Islamic Publishing Institute; 1997. [Arabic] [Link]
60. Najafi MH. Jawaher al-Kalam fi Sharh Sharaye al-Islam. Beirut: Dar al-Haya al-Taras al- Arabi; 1983. [Arabic] [Link]
61. Rouhani MS. Developed subjects (al-Masaeel al-Mostahadesat). Tehran: Hayat; 1997. [Arabic] [Link]
62. Mamghani MH. Assembly of Al-Askar Ali al-Islam. Qom: AlNahih; 1971 .p. 204 [Arabic] [Link]
63. Qari Seyyed FSM. Ethical theories in the mirror of law. Child Promot Mofid Letter. 2002;29:141. [Persian] [Link]
64. Shaygan A. Civil rights. Mehr-e- Kamlam. 2016. p. 393. [Persian] [Link]
65. Montaser A, Khalaf MA, Savalehi A, Anis E. Culture of Al-Mu'ayyim Al-Wasit: Arabic-Persian. Qom; Islamic publication; 2013.p. 795. [Persian] [Link]
66. Ahmad Ibn Mohammad Ghari Fayumi. The light bulb in the great explanation of the crane (al-Mesbah al-Monir fi gharib al-Sharh al-Kabir le al-Raeefi). Qom: Manshurat Dar al-Razi; 1995. [Arabic] [Link]
67. Ibn Maitham K. Explanation of Nahjolbalagheh. Mashhad: Astan Qods Rezavi; 1996. p.114. [Arabic] [Link]
68. Ismaeel Ibn Hemad Johari. Al-Sehah. Ahmad Ibn Abd al-Ghafoor, editor. Beirut: Dar al-Elm le al-Malaeen; 1987. [Arabic] [Link]
69. Zubaidi M. Crown of the bride jewels of the dictionary. Beirut: Daralfekr; 1993. p. 357. [Arabic] [Link]
70. Jorjani AM. Book of definitions. Tehran: Naser Khosro. 1991. p. 72. [Arabic] 71- 51- Gheblei Khoyi Kh. Verses of civil, criminal verdicts in the Holy Quran. 7th Edition. Tehran: Samt; 2010. [Persian] [Link]
71. Makarem Shirazi N. The rules of jurisprudence. 3rd Edition. Qom: Alamam School of Imam Ali (peace be upon him); 1991. p. 433 [Persian] [Link]
72. Khansari Najafi M, Naeini MH. The student can explain the gains. Qom: Publications office of the community of teachers of Qom seminary; 2012 .p. 93. [Arabic] [Link]
73. Mohammady A. Rules of Islamic law. Tehran: Mizan; 1998. [Persian] [Link]
74. Seyed Hosseini S. Buying and selling and transplanting members from the viewpoint of jurisprudence and laws. Tehran: Elmi Farhangi Publishing Co; 2014. [Persian] [Link]
75. Moeen M. Farsi Culture. Tehran: Amir Kabir Publications; 2011. p. 4176. [Persian] [Link]
76. Motahhari M. Islam and the needs of time. 20th Edition. 2nd Volume. Tehran: Sadra; 2003. [Persian] [Link]
77. Alidoost A. Jurisprudence and expediency. Tehran: Publishing Organization of Institute for Islamic Culture and Thought; 2009. [Persian] [Link]
78. Bahrami Ahmadi H. The rules of jurisprudence, brief seventy-seven principles of jurisprudence and law (matching rules). Tehran: Imam Sadiq University; 2010. [Persian] [Link]
79. Jafari Tabrizi MT. Jurisprudence letters. Tehran: Institute for the editing and publication of the works of Allameh Mohammad Taghi Jafari; 1998. [Persian] [Link]
80. Jafari Langeroodi MJ. Encyclopedia of Islamic sciences. Tehran: Ganj Danesh; 1989. [Persian] [Link]
81. Ibn Askar A. Ershad Al-Saleik to Ashraf Al-Masalak in the jurisprudence of Imam Malik, Egypt, his office and Mustafa. Beta. p. 411. [Arabic] [Link]
82. Tabrsi F. Majma Al-Bayan, 3rd Volume, Qom: Publications office of the community of teachers of Qom seminary. p. 519. [Arabic] [Link]
83. 83- Tabrsi F. Majma Al-Bayan, 3rd Volume, Qom: Publications office of the community of teachers of Qom seminary. p. 519. [Arabic] [Link]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Qur̓ān va ṭib (Quran and Medicine)

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb