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1- Islamic Jurisprudence & Law Department, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran
2- Law Department, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran , masoadraei@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4281 Views)
Introduction: Simulation, cloning, or deletion is the proliferation of a living creature without sexual intercourse in plants, animals, and humans. The issue of therapeutic simulation as a new phenomenon in the field of biotechnology reveals various questions in different fields and brings up various approaches of Ulama in terms of human-related communication.
This reviewed study was conducted by use of a descriptive-analytical method with the aim of the analysis of therapeutic simulations in the Persian jurisprudence and the Jewish jurisprudence.
Conclusion: The Imams' jurists on therapeutic simulations have adopted three approaches: 1) absolute license; 2) conditional license; 3) Absence of absolute license. Sunni Ulama have adopted two approaches on therapeutic simulations: 1) the license; 2) lack of permission. Jewish jurists have adopted three different views: 1) the license 2) the obligation 3) sanctity. According to the results, the Ulama's view about the lack of licensing of therapeutic simulations is due to the serious concerns that are created in the world, and this is due to misuse that may result, abuses that are unlimited in scope and its effects are not clear. This has led to adopting a viewpoint of non-permission of therapeutic simulations. The viewpoint of Ulama based on the license of therapeutic simulations emphasizes the benefits of therapeutic simulations, which is expected to treat of many of diseases that humankind has not been able to cure. But based on the views of most Islamic Ulama, there is no reason to ban the therapeutic simulation of human and should not oppose the advancement of science and research in this field.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/11/12 | Accepted: 2019/03/6 | Published: 2019/03/19

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