[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Volume 3, Issue 1 (2018) ::
2018, 3(1): 31-40 Back to browse issues page
Medical Interpretation of Verse 222 of Al-Baqara Surah Regarding the Menstruation of Women
M. Izadi
quranic sciences and hadith department, theology, islamic education and guidance faculty, imam sadiq a.s university, tehran, iran , dr.mahdi.izadi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1193 Views)
Introduction: One of the interpretive methods is the scientific interpretation method and one of the dimensions of the miracle of the Qur'an is its scientific miracle. One of the decrees in the Holy Qur'an is avoiding the sexual intercourse with women in the menstruation period. The problem that this research seeks to answer is that, in light of the medical achievements and using the medical interpretation method, as one of the scientific interpretation methods, how one can interpret the verse 222 of Al-Baqarah Surah (which deals with this issue) and justify the reason for such a decree. Therefore, the present study was conducted with the aim of medical interpretation of verse 222 of Al-Baqarah Surah on medical reasons to prevent sexual intercourse with women in menstruation period. Conclusion: It is clear from the medical interpretation of verse 222 of Al-Baqarah Surah that, regarding the adverse mental and physical effects of sexual intercourse in the menstruation period on men and women, the prohibition of the sexual intercourse with women in menstruation period is completely wise. Not only sexual intercourse in the menstruation period is hateful, but also it has many disadvantages, including the likelihood of male and female sterilization, the creation of an environment conducive to the development of microbes of sexual diseases (such as syphilis and gonorrhea), inflammation of the female reproductive organs, and the entrance of contaminated blood into the male reproductive organ. In fact, avoiding sexual intercourse with women in menstruation period is confirmed based on the trusted achievements of medical science, which is one of the dimensions of the scientific miracle of the Holy Qur'an.
Keywords: Scientific Interpretation, Medical Interpretation, Scientific Miracle, Menstruation, Sexual Intercourse
Full-Text [PDF 488 kb]   (325 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/09/19 | Accepted: 2017/12/30 | Published: 2018/02/6
References
1. Zahabi MH. Interpretation and commentators; exact study of the origin of the commentary. 5th volume. Beirut: Dar Ehya-e alturath-e al-Arabic; [date unknown] . p. 474. [Arabic] [Link]
2. Bekri ShA. Artistic expression in the Qur'an. Beirut: Dar al-Shargh; 1973. p. 125. [Arabic] [Link]
3. Mohtaseb AA. Trends of interpretation in the current era. Beirut: Dar al-Fekr. p.247. [Arabic] [Link]
4. al-Khouli A. Methods of renewal in grammar, rhetoric, interpretation and literature. Oman: Maktab al-Nehza al-Eslmiya; 1982. [Arabic] [Link]
5. Ali al-Saghir Mh. The general principles of interpreting the Quran between theory and practice. Beirut: Dar al- Movarekh al-Arabi; 2000. p. 118. [Arabic] [Link]
6. al-A'k KhA. Principles of interpretation and rules. Beirut: Dar al-Nafaes; 1986. p. 21. [Arabic] [Link]
7. Roumi FA. Trends of Interpretation in the Fourteenth Century. 2nd Volume. Beirut: al-Resaleh Institute; 1997. [Arabic] [Link]
8. Abou Hajar AO. The scientific interpretation of the Qur'an in the balance. Beirut: Dar al-Madar al-Eslami. p. 66. [Arabic] [Link]
9. Ayazi MA. Inclusiveness of meaning in the Quran. In: A group of Khorasan virtuosity. Divine jurisprudent. Qom: Islamic Educational Institute Imam Reza; 2007. p. 9. [Persian] [Link]
10. Marefat MH. Interpretation and interpreters in new cloth. 2nd volume. Mashhad: Razavi Society for Islamic science; p. 443. [Arabic] [Link]
11. al-Mosleh AA, al-Savi AJ. Scientific Miracles in the Quran and Sunnah. [place unknown]: [publisher unknown]; 2011. [Arabic] [Link]
12. al-Nablosi MR. Encyclopedia of scientific miracles in quran and sunnah. 1st volume. Damascus: Dar al-Maktabi; 2005. p. 14. [Arabic] [Link]
13. Jalili H. Interpretation of the topic of Quran. Tehran: Kavir; 1993. p. 70-2. [Persian] [Link]
14. Gharzavi Y. Quran; charter of life. Salimi AA. Tehran: Ehsan; p. 646. [Arabic] [Link]
15. al-Najjar Z, Ragheb M. From the verses of scientific miracles in the Holy Quran. 1st volume. Cairo: Maktabah Shragh al-Dovaliyeh. p. 35-6. [Arabic] [Link]
16. al-Zendani AM. The extraction of scientific miracle in the Quran and sunnah. Beirut: Maktaba al-Asriyeh; p. 14. [Arabic] [Link]
17. Saeid Shahvan R. Shari'a rules for the issues of scientific miracles in Quran and sunnah and the modern issues in science and safety. Oman: Dar al-Mamoun: 2010. p. 75. [Arabic] [Link]
18. al-Mousali SA. Scientific miracle in the Quran; intellectual rooting, history and methodology. Beirut: Dar al-Nafaes; 2001. p. 6. [Arabic] [Link]
19. Boukay M. The Bible, the Quran and science. Khaled ShH, translator. Beirut: al-Maktab al-Eslamiyeh; 1976. p. 172. [Arabic] [Link]
20. Boroumand MH. Review and critique the scientific justification of the miracle of the Quran. Maqalat Wa Barrasiha. 2002;71:75-94. [Persian] [Link]
21. Ghazali M. Essences of Qur'an. Khadiv Jam H. Tehran: Ettelaat Publication; 1986. p. 27. [Persian] [Link]
22. Fazl Ibn-e Hassan Tabarsi. Collection of sayings in the interpretation of the Quran (Majma'al-Bayan). 4 & 60 volume. Tehran: Farahani; 2001. [Persian] [Link]
23. Rezai Isfahani MA. An introduction to scientific interpretation of Qur'an. Tehran: Osveh; 2004. [Persian] [Link]
24. Rezai Isfahani MA. The critical study of the Quran's scientific miraculousness. Rasht: Mobin Book; 2001. p. 361-7. [Persian] [Link]
25. Majlesi MB. Seas of Light (Bihar al-Anwa'r). 3rd volume. Tehran: al-Maktaba al-Eslmaiyeh; 1982. p. 223. [Arabic] [Link]
26. Majlesi MB. Seas of Light (Bihar al-Anwa'r). 1st volume. Tehran: al-Maktaba al-Eslmaiyeh; 1982. p. 220. [Arabic] [Link]
27. Majlesi MB. Seas of Light (Bihar al-Anwa'r). 87th volume. Tehran: al-Maktaba al-Eslmaiyeh; 1982. p. 237. [Arabic] [Link]
28. Majlesi MB. Seas of Light (Bihar al-Anwa'r). 58th volume. Tehran: al-Maktaba al-Eslmaiyeh; 1982. p. 275. [Arabic] [Link]
29. Zarrinkoob A. Islam's workbook. Tehran: Amirkabir; 2003. [Persian] [Link]
30. Velayati AA. The dynamics of Islamic culture and civilization in Iran. Tehran: Ministry of Foreign Affairs Press; 2003. [Persian] [Link]
31. Mohammadi Ray-Shahri M. Encyclopedia of medical hadiths. Qom: Dar al-Hadith; 2006. [Persian] [Link]
32. Makarem Shirazi N. The ideal commentary (Tafsir Nemooneh). 2nd Volume. Tehran: Dar al-Ketab Eslamiyeh; 1973. p. 137-40. [Persian] [Link]
33. Tabatabaei MH. The balance in interpretation of Qur'an (Tafsir al-Mizan). 2nd Volume. Beirut: Scientific Foundation for Publications (Moasesseh al-Elmi Lel-Matboua't); p. 207-8. [Arabic] [Link]
34. Guyton AC, Hall JE. Textbook of medical physiology. 10th edition. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Company; 2000. p. 40. [Link]
35. Ganong WF. Review of medical physiology. 20th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001. [Link]
36. Willson JR, Carrington ER. Obstetrics and gynecology. 9th edition. Maryland Heights: Mosby-Year Book; 1991. p. 435-42. [Link]
37. Danforth DN, Scott JR. Scott: Danforth's obstetrics and gynecology. Philadelphia: Lippinocott Williams & Wilkins; 2003. p.90. [Link]
38. Berne RM, Levy MN. Physiology. 4th edition. Maryland Heights: Mosby; 1998. [Link]
39. Best CH, Taylor NB, West JB. Best and Taylor's physiological basis of medical practice. 12th edition. Philadelphia: Willams & Wilkins; 1990. p. 38. [Link]
40. Novak E. Novak's gynecology. Berek JS, editor. 13th edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1998. p. 50. [Link]
41. Jones HW, Rock JA, Te Linde. Te Linde's operative gynecology. 9th edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003. [Link]
42. Noori Hamedani H. Risalah towzih al-masael. Qom: Mahdi Mo'oud Institute; 1996. [Persian] [Link]
43. Newman LC. Understanding the auses and prevention of menstral migraine: The role of estrogen. Headache. 2007;47 Suppl 2:S86-94. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1526-4610.2007.00819.x]
44. MalekZadeh F. General microbiology. Tehran: Aghigh publication; 1997. [Persian] [Link]
45. Adibfar P. Medical microbiology. Tehran: Nour-e Danesh; 2001. p. 92. [Persian] [Link]
46. Beishir L. Microbiology in practice. Sepehr Sh, Mobasheri F, Alavi M, Zakikhani M, translators. Tehran: Iran University press; 1992. p. 58. [Persian] [Link]
47. Peyghami E. Additional mycology. Tabriz: Ahrar-e Tabriz Publication; 1997. [Persian] [Link]
48. Koneman EW. Color atlas and textbook of diagnostic microbiology. Hajiya M, Rasouli Kh, Goudarzi MT, translators. Hamadan: Daneshjoo; 2000. p. 94. [Persian] [Link]
49. Emami M, Kordbacheh P, Moqadami M, Zeyni F. Medical mycology. Tehran: Tehran University press; 1991. p. 85. [Persian] [Link]
50. Brooks GF, Carroll KC, Butel JS, Morse SA, Mletzner TA. Jawetz, Melnick, & Adelberg's medical microbiology. Bahador A, MalekNezhad P, translators. Tehran: Samat; 2004. [Persian] [Link]
51. Cao W, Mah K, Carroll RS, Slayden OD, Brenner RM. Progesterone withdrawal up-regulates fibronectin and integrins during menstruation and repair in the rhesus macaque endometrium. Hum Reprod. 2007;22(12):3223-31. [Link] [DOI:10.1093/humrep/dem216]
52. Henry JB. Henry's clinical diagnosis and management by laboratory methods. 22th edition. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2011. [Link]
53. Leveno KJ, Dashe JS, Corton MM, Spong CY. Williams obstetrics, 18th edition. New York: Macgrow-Hill; 2007. p. 81. [Link]
54. Gadducci A, Cosio S, Genazzani AR. Ovarian function and childbearing issues in breast cancer survivors. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2007;23(11):625-31. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/09513590701582406]
55. Chang CT, Sun CY, Pong CY, Chen YC, Lin GP, Chang TC, et al. Intraction of estrogen and progesterone in the regulation of sodium channels in collecting tubular cells. Chang Gung Med J. 2007;30(4):305-12. [Link]
56. Mirzai N. Scientific explanation from the holy Quran of the prohibition of sexual intercourse during menstruation. Med Ethic J. 2009;3(9):133-50. [Persian] [Link]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

izadi M. Medical Interpretation of Verse 222 of Al-Baqara Surah Regarding the Menstruation of Women. Quran and Medicine. 2018; 3 (1) :31-40
URL: http://quranmed.com/article-1-150-en.html


Volume 3, Issue 1 (2018) Back to browse issues page
قرآن و طب Quranmed
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 3772