[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Volume 3, Issue 3 (2018) ::
2018, 3(3): 175-182 Back to browse issues page
Probable Influence of Fasting on the Dry Eye Syndrome Occurrence by Integrating Data Published on Tear Proteome Change in Fasting People, Patients with Diabetes, Smokers, and Dry Eye Patients
N. Saraygord-Afshari 1, M. Naderi 2, H. Naderi-Manesh 3
1- Medical Biotechnology Department, Allied Medical Sciences Faculty, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , neda.s.afshari@gmail.com
2- Ophthalmology Department, Bina Eye Hospital Research Center, Tehran, Iran
3- Biophysics Department, Biological Sciences Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1019 Views)
Aims: As many references indicate, fasting has sometimes been deemed as a trigger for the dry eye syndrome. The aim of this study was to investigate the probable influence of fasting on the dry eye syndrome occurrence by integrating data published on tear proteome change in fasting people, patients with diabetes, smokers, and dry eye patients.
Information & Methods: In this systematic review, for document extraction, the document-deduction method (database review and data extraction from the selected studies in accordance with the defined inclusion criteria) was used. Finally, 6 documents were introduced as reference documents for data extraction.
Findings: In the studies of the Gross Research Group, the tear proteins in individuals with susceptible to dry eye (patients with diabeties and smokers) did not show any significant changes compared to healthy subjects. While in the study, the tear proteins and especially lysozyme and lactoferrin were decreased in the tears of the fasting eyes. In the research group, there were two additional couriers in the chromatogram pattern of fasting people, but this increase was not reported in the electrophoresis pattern. The study conducted by Krimoglu's team also showed that the change in the water pattern could cause temporary tear secretion in fasting people.
Conclusion: Despite slight differences in the content of tear proteins in the eyes of fasting people, the control group, and those susceptible to dry eye, probably the difference in tear protein content of fasting and healthy individuals cannot be a factor in the constant induction of dry eye in fasting individuals, and the feeling of dryness in the eye during fasting periods is associated with temporary water loss.
Keywords: Tear, Dry Eye, Proteome, Fasting
Full-Text [PDF 613 kb]   (94 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/05/15 | Accepted: 2018/07/28 | Published: 2018/09/22
1. Majlesi MB. Behboodi MB. Seas of lights (Bihar al-Anwar). 96th Volume. 4th Edition. Mo'ud M, translator. Tehran: Eslamiyyeh; 2007. [Arabic] [Link]
2. Meshkini Ardabili A. Numerical sermons (al-Mavaze' al-Adadiyah). Ghafeleh Bashi M, translator. Ofoghi R, Derayati MH, editors. Qom: Dar al-Hadith; 2014. [Arabic-Persian] [Link]
3. Mohammad Ibn Hasan al-Hur al-Aamili. Analyzing Shiite means to achieve Sharia matters (Tafsil Wasa'il al-Shi'a ela Tahsil Masae'l al-Shariah). 7th Volume. 3rd Edition. Hosseini Jalali MR, editor. Qom: Moaseseh Al al-Bayt al-Ahyae al-Tarath; 1996. [Arabic] [Link]
4. World Health Organization. WHO traditional medicine strategy: 2002-2005 [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2002 [cited 2016 Dec 16]. Available from: http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/en/d/Js2297e/ [Link]
5. Honda G, Yeşilada E, Tabata M, Sezik E, Fujita T, Takeda Y, et al. Traditional medicine in Turkey. VI. Folk medicine in west Anatolia: Afyon, Kütahya, Denizli, Muğla, Aydin provinces. J Ethnopharmacol. 1996;53(2):75-87. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-8741(96)01426-2 [Link] [DOI:10.1016/0378-8741(96)01426-2]
6. Azizi F. Islamic fasting and health. Ann Nutr Metab. 2010;56(4):273-82. [Link] [DOI:10.1159/000295848]
7. Freeman B. Every other day fasting may reduce cancer risk [Internet]. Boca Raton: American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine; 2005 [cited 2018 Aug 5]. Available from: https://www.worldhealth.net/news/every_other_day_fasting_may_reduce_cance/ [Link]
8. Sariri R, Varasteh A, Sajedi RH. Effect of Ramadan fasting on tear proteins. Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove). 2010;53(3):147-51. [Link] [DOI:10.14712/18059694.2016.74]
9. Shams H. Fasting is forbidden for eye diseases with thin Retina layer [Internet]. Tehran: Tebyan; 2013 [cited 2016 Dec 16]. Available from: https://www.tebyan.net/newindex.aspx?pid=934&articleid=823674 [Persian] [Link]
10. Fasting for eye patients with thin retina is prohibited [Internet]. Tehran: Labbafinezhad Hospital; 2008 [cited 2018 Aug 5]. Available from: http://www.lod.ir/pages/shabakiyeandrooze.html. [Persian] [Link]
11. Eslami K. Effect of fasting on blood lipids [Internet]. Mashhad: Nutrition and Medicine; 2007 [cited 2018 Aug 5]. Available from: http://kazemeslami.blogfa.com/1386/06/1. [Persian] [Link]
12. Koktekir BE, Bozkurt B, Gonul S, Gedik S, Okudan S. Effect of religious fasting on tear osmolarity and ocular surface. Eye Contact Lens. 2014;40(4):239-42. [Link] [DOI:10.1097/ICL.0000000000000044]
13. Selver OB, Palamar M, Gerceker K, Egrilmez S, Yagci A. The effects of Ramadan fasting on anterior segment parameters, visual acuity and intraocular pressures of the eye. Open Ophthalmol J. 2017;11:152-5. [Link] [DOI:10.2174/1874364101711010152]
14. Pflugfelder SC, De Paiva CS. The pathophysiology of dry eye disease: What we know and future directions for research. Ophthalmology. Ophthalmology. 2017;124(11S):S4-13. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ophtha.2017.07.010]
15. Farrand KF, Fridman M, Stillman IÖ, Schaumberg DA. Prevalence of diagnosed dry eye disease in the United States among adults aged 18 years and older. Am J Ophthalmol. 2017;182:90-8. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ajo.2017.06.033]
16. Van Der Westhuizen L, Pucker AD. Over The Counter (OTC) artificial tear drops for dry eye syndrome: A Cochrane review summary. Int J Nurs Stud. 2017;71:153-4. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2016.11.009]
17. Moradi P. Eye drop compliance in religious fasting. Ophthalmology. 2008;115(8):1440. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ophtha.2008.05.011]
18. Javadi MA, Assadi M, Einollahi B, Rabei HM, Afarid M, Assadi M. The effects of Ramadan fasting on the health and function of the eye. J Res Med Sci. 2014;19(8):786-91. [Link]
19. Rocha EM, Cunha DA, Carneiro EM, Boschero AC, Saad MJ, Velloso LA. Identification of insulin in the tear film and insulin receptor and IGF-I receptor on the human ocular surface. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2002;43(4):963-7. [Link]
20. Najafi L, Malek M, Ebrahim Valojerdi A, Khamseh ME, Aghaei H. Dry eye disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus, comparison of the tear osmolarity test with other common diagnostic tests: A diagnostic accuracy study using STARD standard. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2015;14:39. [Link] [DOI:10.1186/s40200-015-0157-y]
21. Li B, Sheng M, Xie L, Liu F, Yan G, Wang W, et al. Tear proteomic analysis of patients with type 2 diabetes and dry eye syndrome by two-dimensional nano-liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014;55(1):177-86. [Link] [DOI:10.1167/iovs.13-12080]
22. Grus FH, Sabuncuo P, Augustin A, Pfeiffer N. Effect of smoking on tear proteins. Graefe Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2002;240(11):889-92. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s00417-002-0539-y]
23. Tong L, Zhou L, Beuerman R, Simonyi S, Hollander DA, Stern ME. Effects of punctal occlusion on global tear proteins in patients with dry eye. Ocul Surf. 2017;15(4):736-41. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jtos.2017.04.002]
24. Uchino Y, Uchino M, Yokoi N, Dogru M, Kawashima M, Komuro A, et al. Impact of cigarette smoking on tear function and correlation between conjunctival goblet cells and tear MUC5AC concentration in office workers. Sci Rep. 2016;6:27699. [Link] [DOI:10.1038/srep27699]
25. Pashandi Z, Saraygord Afshari N, Naderi Manesh H, Naderi M. Comparative proteomic study reveals the molecular aspects of delayed ocular symptoms induced by sulfur mustard. Int J Proteom. 2015;2015:659241. [Link] [DOI:10.1155/2015/659241]
26. Grus FH, Dick B, Augustin AJ, Pfeiffer N. Analysis of the antibody repertoire in tears of dry-eye patients. Ophthalmologica. 2001;215(6):430-4. [Link] [DOI:10.1159/000050903]
27. Grus FH, Sabuncuo P, Dick HB, Augustin AJ, Pfeiffer N. Changes in the tear proteins of diabetic patients. BMC Ophthalmol. 2002;2:4. [Link] [DOI:10.1186/1471-2415-2-4]
28. Kerimoglu H, Ozturk B, Gunduz K, Bozkurt B, Kamis U, Okka M. Effect of altered eating habits and periods during Ramadan fasting on intraocular pressure, tear secretion, corneal and anterior chamber parameters. Eye (Lond). 2010;24(1):97-100. [Link] [DOI:10.1038/eye.2009.96]
29. Grus FH, Augustin AJ, Evangelou NG, Toth-Sagi K. Analysis of tear-protein patterns as a diagnostic tool for the detection of dry eyes. Eur J Ophthalmol. 1998;8(2):90-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1177/112067219800800207]
30. Landsberg L, Young JB. Fasting, feeding and regulation of the sympathetic nervous system. N Engl J Med. 1978;298(23):1295-301. [Link] [DOI:10.1056/NEJM197806082982306]
31. Leiter LA, Grose M, Yale JF, Marliss EB. Catecholamine responses to hypocaloric diets and fasting in obese human subjects. Am J Physiol. 1984;247(2 Pt 1):E190-7. [Link]
32. Schaefer S, Wang LF, Van Der Vliet A, Hristova M, Vulliet PR, Fan SD. Fasting limits norepinephrine release with myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 1999;13(5):399-405. [Link] [DOI:10.1023/A:1007847805298]
33. Young JB, Landsberg L. Suppression of sympathetic nervous system during fasting. Science. 1977;196(4297):1473-5. [Link] [DOI:10.1126/science.867049]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Saraygord-Afshari N, Naderi M, Naderi-Manesh H. Probable Influence of Fasting on the Dry Eye Syndrome Occurrence by Integrating Data Published on Tear Proteome Change in Fasting People, Patients with Diabetes, Smokers, and Dry Eye Patients. Quran and Medicine. 2018; 3 (3) :175-182
URL: http://quranmed.com/article-1-217-en.html

Volume 3, Issue 3 (2018) Back to browse issues page
قرآن و طب Quranmed
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3858