[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Volume 3, Issue 3 (2018) ::
2018, 3(3): 115-125 Back to browse issues page
Designing and Validating Critical Thinking Curriculum for the Undergraduate Course Based on Stories and Parables of the Holy Quran
J. Akhavanmalayeri 1, M. Seifi 2, A.R. Faghihi 1
1- Educational Sciences Department, Humanities Faculty, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
2- Educational Sciences Department, Humanities Faculty, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran , m-seifi@araku.ac.ir
Abstract:   (731 Views)
Aims: The aim of this study was to design and validate critical thinking curriculum for the undergraduate course stories and parables of the Holy Quran.
Materials & Methods: The research was carried out in a mixed (qualitative- quantitative) method in two stages of design and validation. Participants of this phase of the study consisted of 40 students of the Holy Quran, who were randomly assigned to two experimental and control groups. The validity of the curriculum was evaluated through a questionnaire from a group of 20 experts and the effectiveness of the curriculum was carried out in a semi-experimental design with a pre-test and post-test design with the control group. In the design phase, firstly, the general goals of Lipman’s educational philosophy for the children, Facine’s critical thinking, and the goals of higher education in Iran were deduced. Then, among the 40 stories and 50 parables of the Holy Quran, 4 stories and 7 parables were selected for general goals and Islamic curriculum was selected and designed based on Fischer's “Stories for Thinking”. Teaching-learning methods and evaluation were determined by following the critical thinking teaching style. Validation of the designed curriculum was carried out in two stages.
Findings: There was a significant difference between the mean scores of students' critical thinking in the experimental group compared to the control group. The validity of the designed critical thinking curriculum for the cognitive course based on stories and parables of the Holy Quran was acceptable.
Keywords: Holy Quran, Curriculum Design, Critical Thinking, Parable, Story, Undergraduate
Full-Text [PDF 546 kb]   (41 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/08/9 | Accepted: 2018/09/12 | Published: 2018/09/22
1. Meyers Ch. Teaching students to think critically. Abili Kh, translator. 10th Edition. Tehran: Samt; 2014. [Persian] [Link]
2. Jahani J. A critical evaluation of the philosophical foundations of learning model of Mathew Lipman critical thinking. J Humanit. 2002;12(42):35-55. [Persian] [Link]
3. Naderi E, Tajali Nia A, Shariatmadari A, Seyf Naraghi M. The effect of philosophy for children program on creativity of high school boys in Tehran. Think Child. 2013;3(1):91-117. [Persian] [Link]
4. Mohajeri MK. Critical thinking and the role of story in its development (with objective of religious education of children). Insight Islam Train. 2013;10(26):31-53. [Persian] [Link]
5. Sajjadian Jaghargh N, Ghaedi Y, Amiri M. Curriculum design for teaching philosophy to Iranian children in the first grade of primary school. Res Philos Educ. 2014;1(1):64-80. [Persian] [Link]
6. Fisher R. Stories for thinking. Shahroodi Langroodi SJ, translator. Roshan Fekr F, editor. Tehran: Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies; 2013. [Persian] [Link]
7. Cam Ph, editor. Thinking stories 2: Philosophical inquiry for children. Bagheri Z, translator. Tehran: Elm; 2007. [Persian] [Link]
8. Ghaedi Y. Curriculum of philosophy training for children in secondary and high schools. Farhang. 2009;(69):83-108. [Persian] [Link]
9. Abdollahi MA, Mesbahi Jamshid P. A corrective view on the philosophy program for children in platform of transcendent theosophy. Res Islam Educ. 2017;25(34):153-83. [Persian] [Link]
10. Kazemi Z. Investigation of principles of critical thinking in the stories of holy Quran [Dissertation]. Tehran: University Sciences and Education Quran Karim; 2013. [Persian] [Link]
11. Bahrami Nasir Mahaleh M. Investigation of Quranic literary parables [Dissertation]. Rasht: University of Gilan; 2011. [Persian] [Link]
12. Kohestani HR, Baghcheghi N, Hekmatpou D. Explaining the experiences of nursing students from humankind to Quran in control of test anxiety. J Qual Res Health Sci. 2014;2(4):379-92. [Persian] [Link]
13. Mohammadi Pouya F, Salehi A. Content analysis of Holy Quran according to the concept of critical thinking. Biannu J Educ Sci Islam Point View. 2015;2(3):25-49. [Persian] [Link]
14. Haj Hosseini M. The explanation of pluralistic ideas in fostering critical thinking and its practical requirements. J New Thought Educ. 2015;10(4):95-116. [Persian] [Link]
15. Karimiyan H, Nateghi F, Seyfi M. The place of critical thinking in Islamic education based on the national curriculum document. Res Islam Educ. 2017;25(34):133-51. [Persian] [Link]
16. Manalo E, Sheppard C. How might language affect critical thinking performance?. Think Skills Creat. 2016;21:41-9. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.tsc.2016.05.005]
17. Topping KJ, Trickey S. Impact of philosophical enquiry on school students' interactive behaviour. Think Skills Creat. 2007;2(2):73-84. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.tsc.2007.03.001]
18. Hagaman S. The community of inquiry: An approach to collaborative learning. Stud Art Educ. 1990;31(3):149-57. [Link] [DOI:10.2307/1320762]
19. Nordin N, Surajudeen AT. Islamic theoretical model for critical thinking in teaching and learning of Islamic education. GSE E J Educ. 2015;3:34-44. [Link]
20. Facione PA. Critical thinking: What it is and why it counts [Internet]. San Jose CA: Insight Assessment; 2015 [cited 2015 May 21]. Available from: https://www.insightassessment.com/Resources/Importance-of-Critical-Thinking/Critical-Thinking-What-It-Is-and-Why-It-Counts [Link]
21. Thompson C. Critical thinking across the curriculum: Process over output. Int J Humanit Soc Sci. 2011;1(9):p1. [Link]
22. Tabatabai SMH. The balance in interpretation of Quran (al-Mizan fi Tafsir al-Quran). 8th Edition. Qom: Islamic Bookstore; 1972. [Persian] [Link]
23. Makarem Shirazi N. Beautiful examples of the Qur'an. 1st Volume. Qom: Nasle Javan; 2014. [Persian] [Link]
24. Taleghani M. Radiation from the Quran. First ed. Tehran: Public Joint Stock Company; 1978. [Persian] [Link]
25. Javadi Amoli A. The interpretation of man through man. 7th Edition. Elahi Zadeh MH, editor. Qom: Asra'; 2013. [Persian]‬ [Link]
26. Tabatabai SMH. The stories of the Quran and the history of the prophets in al-Mizan. 1st Volume. 1st Edition. Faal Araghi H, editor. Tehran: Sobhan; 1999. [Persian] [Link]
27. Tabatabai SMH. The stories of the Quran and the history of the prophets in al-Mizan. 2nd Volume. 1st Edition?. Faal Araghi H, editor. Tehran: Sobhan; 1999. [Persian] [Link]
28. Makarem Shirazi N. Beautiful examples of Quran. 2nd Volume. 3rd Edition. Olyan Nezhadi A, editor. Qom: Nasle Javan; 2012. [Persian] [Link]
29. Hoseyni H, Ashtiyani MR, Emami MJ, Hasani A, Shojaee H, Abdollahi M, et al. The stories of Quran retrieved from Tafsir Nemooneh of Makarem Shirazi. 11st Edition. Tehran: Dar al-Kotob al-Islamiyyeh; 2016. [Persian] [Link]
30. Mohammad Ghasemi H. The parables of Quran: Characteristics, goals and its educational effects. Qom: Osveh; 2007.[Persian] [Link]
31. Lipman M. Thinking in education. New York: Cambridge University Press; 1991 [Link]
32. Saif AA. Educational psychology: Psychology of learning and instruction. 17th Edition. Tehran: Agah; 2007. [Persian] [Link]
33. Mehrinejad SA. Adaptation and normalization of California critical thinking skills test. Adv Cogn Sci. 2007;9(3):63-72. [Persian] [Link]
34. Mahroozade T, Shahi B. The study of the educational nature of critical thinking both from the Islamic viewpoint and post structuralism. Bienn J Manag Plan Educ Syst. 2013;6(2):45-66. [Persian] [Link]
35. Ajam AA, Jafari Suny H, Akbary Boorng M. Design blended learning curriculum for higher education based on the Akker pattern. Res Curric Plan. 2017;2(26):1-16. [Persian] [Link]
36. Mohammadi R, Faghhizadeh A. Anthropological Foundations of Educational Methods in Quran and Hadith from Social Aspect. J Edu Doctrine Quran Hadith. 2016;2(1):1-18. [Persian] [Link]
37. Yosefzadeh M. Curriculum model peresnt of intellectual skills (critical thinking and crative thinking) for undergraduate curriculum palnning specialise view. Sci J Eu Res. 2015;6(23):1-19. [Persian] [Link]
38. Abbasi M, Pirani Z, Sarmadi MR, Taghvaee D. The Effectiveness of Philosophy Education Program for children on Critical Thinking and its Components in female Students. Iran J Ed Socio .2017;1(4):96-103. [Persian] [Link]
39. Marashi M, Safaee Moghaddam M, Khazami Parvin. A study of the effects of teaching philosophy by using the community of inquiry method on the moral judgment development in fifth grade primary school students of Ahvaz. Think Child. 2010;1(1):83-102. [Persian] [Link]
40. Mahmoodi A, Ali Noroozi R, Najafi M. Property and results of critical thinking from Imam Ali's viewpoint. Res Islam Educ. 2012;19(13):93-111. [Persian] [Link]
41. Mara'shi SM. The dynamics of the research community in children's philosophy education program. Farhang. 2009;(69):109-50. [Persian] [Link]
42. Rashtchi M, Keyvanfar A. Theoretical foundations of the context society as a method for the education of philosophy for children. J Cult. 2009; (69):39-58. [Persian] [Link]
43. Eskandari H, Kiani Zh. Effect of story on increase of philosophizing and questioning skills of students. J Curric Stud. 2008;2(7):1-36. [Persian] [Link]
44. Ekvall G. Organizational climate for creativity and innovation. Europ J Work Organ Psych. 1996;5(1): 105-23. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/13594329608414845]
45. Imamjome, SMR, Hajiakhundi Z, Sarmadi MR. The main elements of the curriculum in the theory of education in Paolo Fereira. Curric Stud. 2011;5(20):142-71. [Persian] [Link]
46. Omidi M, Najafi H, Sobhaninejad M. Evaluating The Curriculum Of Islamic Courses Sciences University To Present Some Quality Guidelines. Quart J New Thoughts Edu. 2017;12(4):217-36. [Persian] [Link]
47. Momeni Mahmouei M. Curriculum evaluation in higher education. Edu Strateg Med Sci. 2009;2(2):11-12. [Persian] [Link]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Akhavanmalayeri J, Seifi M, Faghihi A. Designing and Validating Critical Thinking Curriculum for the Undergraduate Course Based on Stories and Parables of the Holy Quran. Quran and Medicine. 2018; 3 (3) :115-125
URL: http://quranmed.com/article-1-204-en.html

Volume 3, Issue 3 (2018) Back to browse issues page
قرآن و طب Quranmed
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3844